5 Treatments for Dandruff
Dandruff affects as many as 50 million Americans, and there is no single solution for it. That’s because dandruff has a variety of causes, including dry skin, oily skin and certain skin and scalp fungal conditions.
But the good news is there are many ways to treat dandruff to regain a healthy hair and scalp.
The first step toward treating dandruff is through good hygiene: Mild dandruff can often be controlled by daily shampooing with a gentle shampoo, which helps to reduce oil and skin cell buildup.
If a regular shampoo doesn’t do the trick, it may be time to try an anti-dandruff shampoo. Try products with different ingredients to find what works best for you. Give the ingredients enough time to work. Leave the dandruff shampoo on the scalp for at least five minutes before rinsing thoroughly.
Here are five types of dandruff treatment ingredients to look for in anti-dandruff shampoos.
- Zinc pyrithione is antibacterial and antifungal found in many medicated shampoos and used to reduce the fungus that causes dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.
- Selenium sulfide slows skin cell shedding and reduces oil. It is used in certain medicated shampoos; it may discolor light or colored hair.
- Ketoconazole is a broad-based antifungal that is also available in prescription strength.
- Tar-based shampoos slow skin cell shedding and help a wide range of dandruff conditions. These may also discolor light or colored hair.
- Salicylic acids help the scalp shed skin cells but may exacerbate the dryness/flaking cycle in some people.
One note of caution: Some anti-dandruff ingredients can cause sensitivity to UV light, so always check the bottle for sun sensitivity precautions.
Once dandruff is under control, switch to a mild daily shampoo and use a medicated product once or twice a week, for dandruff prevention. Sometimes a medicated shampoo will become less effective for you over time. If this happens, switch to one with a different ingredient.
Looking for dandruff solutions? NIZORAL® is a ketoconazole-based shampoo, making it an effective anti-dandruff shampoo treatment when part of a twice a week shampoo routine.
Of course, if your dandruff persists after several weeks of home treatment, see a doctor or a dermatologist for further help.
But take heart: If you have dandruff and are having a hard time dealing with it, have patience. Controlling dandruff is a process, and in most cases following the above steps will help alleviate it.
© Johnson & Johnson Consumer Inc. 2016